Michael Faraday’s Inventions, Early Life, Education and History

Michael Faraday’s Inventions, Early Life, Education and History
Source: Instagram Page

Michael Faraday: Revolutionizing Science and Electricity

Birthdate and Family Details:

Michael Faraday, an extraordinary scientist, was born on September 22, 1791, in London, England, UK. He was the third child of James and Margaret Faraday, born into a family plagued by poverty. His father, a blacksmith with frail health, and his mother, a former servant, struggled to make ends meet.

Early Life and Education:

Faraday’s humble beginnings didn’t hinder his insatiable thirst for knowledge. He attended a local school until the age of 13, receiving a rudimentary education. To support his family, he worked as a delivery boy for a bookshop, where his diligence and dedication caught the eye of his employer. This led to his promotion to an apprentice bookbinder.

Despite his daily workload, Faraday’s curiosity led him to read extensively beyond bookbinding duties. Fascinated by science, he found inspiration in books like the Encyclopedia Britannica and Conversations on Chemistry. His growing interest in science prompted him to invest his meager earnings in chemicals and apparatus to experiment and confirm the principles he read about.

Path to Discovery and Science:

Faraday’s journey to becoming a renowned scientist was influenced by serendipitous encounters and perseverance. His determination to learn drove him to attend public lectures by renowned scientist John Tatum, which he could afford thanks to his older brother’s support. These lectures ignited his passion for the scientific world. However, his true turning point came when he had the opportunity to attend lectures by Sir Humphry Davy, a famous scientist, at the Royal Institution.

This experience deepened Faraday’s desire to be a part of the scientific community. His dedication was evident when he compiled a handwritten book detailing Davy’s lectures and experiments as a tribute. In his spare time, Faraday conducted his own experiments, constructing an electric battery using simple materials. These endeavors drew the attention of Davy, who eventually employed him as his assistant due to his commitment and enthusiasm.

Scientific Career at the Royal Institution:

At the age of 21, on March 1, 1813, Faraday began his career at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. This marked the beginning of his lifelong association with the institution. Despite his humble origins, Faraday’s talent and dedication quickly led to his rise within the institution’s ranks. He became Superintendent of House and Laboratory, Director of the Laboratory, and eventually Fullerian Professor of Chemistry. Faraday’s contributions extended far beyond his positions. He married Sarah Barnard in 1821 and lived in rooms at the Royal Institution for almost five decades. His prominence within the scientific community was acknowledged when he was elected to the Royal Society in 1824. His commitment to experimentation and discovery remained undeterred, even as he declined offers to become the President of the Royal Society.

Scientific Achievements and Discoveries: Michael Faraday’s contributions to science were prolific and wide-ranging. His groundbreaking discoveries include:

  • 1821: Electromagnetic Rotation: Faraday’s experiments laid the foundation for the electric motor, demonstrating the conversion of electrical energy into motion.
  • 1823: Gas Liquefaction and Refrigeration: He produced the first liquid samples of chlorine and ammonia, contributing to modern refrigeration principles.
  • 1825: Discovery of Benzene: Faraday isolated benzene, a substance of immense significance in both practical applications and theoretical understanding of chemical bonding.
  • 1831: Electromagnetic Induction: He discovered that a changing magnetic field induces an electric current in a nearby conductor, a principle fundamental to electricity generation.
  • 1834: Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis: His work in electrochemistry underpins modern battery technology, including lithium-ion batteries.
  • 1836: Faraday Cage: He introduced the concept that electrical charge resides only on the exterior of conductors, leading to the development of Faraday cages for protection against electrical interference.
  • 1845: Faraday Effect: He demonstrated that a magnetic field can alter the polarization of light, establishing a link between electromagnetism and light.
  • 1845: Diamagnetism: Faraday discovered that all matter exhibits diamagnetic properties, opposing the direction of an applied magnetic field.

Legacy and Passing:

Michael Faraday passed away at the age of 75 on August 25, 1867, in London. He left behind a remarkable scientific legacy that continues to shape modern science and technology. His devout Christian faith and Sandemanian beliefs were integral to his character throughout his life. His contributions spanned diverse areas of science, leaving an indelible mark on fields like electromagnetism, chemistry, and even the development of modern batteries.

Though offered a prestigious burial at Westminster Abbey, Faraday’s humility prevailed, and he opted for a more modest resting place alongside his wife, Sarah, in London’s Highgate Cemetery. His influence on the world of science is immeasurable, as evidenced by his lasting impact on the understanding and application of electricity, magnetism, and chemistry.

Leave a Reply

Follow These Tips for Better Digestion in the Morning Subhashree Rayaguru: The Ramp Queen and Miss India Odisha 2020 10 Indian mathematicians Popular in the world Don’t Store These Foods Items in The Fridge Asia Cup History: India vs. Pakistan Matches
%d bloggers like this: