How are Mountains Formed
By The News Voice
When beholding the sheer size and majesty of mountains, all you can think is its a nature's wonder. Have you even wonder how these huge mountains ranges are formed from the earths surface, even in the ocean.
A mountain is an elevated portion of the Earth's crust, generally with steep sides that show significant exposed bedrock. Most geologists classify a mountain as a landform that rises at least 1,000 feet or more above its surrounding area.
there are three ways in which mountains are formed, which relates to the types of mountains in question, these are known as volcanic, fold and block mountains.
All of these are results of plate tectonics. It is a process where the pieces of Earth's crust called plates smash against each other and collides with each other and forces the surface rock upward, forming the worlds tallest mountain range.
Volcanic mountains form when molten rock, that is magma, from deep inside the Earth erupts through the crust and piles up on itself. The islands of Hawaii were formed by undersea volcanoes and the island above are the remaining volcano tops.
Dome Mountains are formed when magma pushes the crust up of the surface but hardens before erupting onto the surface, Wind and rain pummel the domes, sculpting peaks and valleys.
Block mountains are caused by faults in the crust, a seam where rocks can move past each other, known as rifting, this process occurs when rocks on one side of a fault rise relative to the other. The uplifted blocks become block mountains
There anotherl way in which mountains are formed is through erosion. This occurs during and after an uplift, where a newly formed mountainous region is subjected to the effects of wind, water, ice, and gravity.
There are many mountains at the surface of the Earth and we are still learning about them. Some we can see, some we can’t because they are under the sea. Its all the mystery of the nature.
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